About the Donkey

Donkey is a small domesticated member of the horse family. The donkey is smaller than the horse but with larger ears.

Donkey varies in colour from sandy, brown or reddish to grey usually with Height: 3-4 feet (90 to 120 cm) high at the shoulder and has a Lifespan of about 25 years.

Donkey does not have natural ‘waterproof’ coats like horses and so need access to shelter.

Male donkeys are called Jack.

and

Female donkeys are called Jenny.

The names given to their babies are foals - male is a colt, female is a filly


  • Donkeys are originated in North east Africa and then spread in other parts of the world.

  • Total population of donkeys in the world is near about 44 million.

  • Nature and looks –donkeys has Sweet face and long ears , they are Gentle, Intelligent ,Hardworking ,Non complaining ,Strong , Silent , Social creature .

For thousands of years donkeys have been the 'helping hooves' of humankind - the original beasts of burden. They are often a lifeline to the poor families in many regions of the world. They help with water and wood fuel collection, land cultivation and transportation of produce to market. Donkeys are also used as guard animals for cattle, sheep and goats. In many countries of the world, and in many situations, they are used as the preferred mode of transport.

In India donkey’s carries loads at brick kilns, construction sites, carries people and other material to hilly regions and pilgrimage sites, Donkeys are much more of an all-terrain animal than horses.

Donkeys are in fact very strong and highly intelligent animal despite reputation for stubbornness which is due to their highly developed sense of self preservation. It is difficult to force or frighten a donkey into doing something it sees as contrary to its own best interest or safety. Donkeys are more independent in their thinking than horses and will reason, and then make decisions based on their safety.

Further, donkeys are not easily startled (unlike horses) and have a keen sense of curiosity. It’s the nature of donkey to be affectionate, kind and patient. They are often fielded with horses due to the perceived calming effect they have on nervous horses. If a donkey is introduced to a mare and foal, the foal will often turn to the donkey for support after it has left its mother.

Donkeys originated from desert areas of the earth. In the desert environment they are able to hear the call of another donkey 60 miles away as they have far larger ears than horses. The donkeys use ears as a form of visual communication. Their large ears also help keep them cool. Because food is scarce in the desert, donkeys utilize 95% of what they eat which means their manure is not a very good fertilizer for land. Their digestive system can break down inedible vegetation and extract moisture from food more efficiently. Donkeys are herd animals. Donkeys don't like being kept on their own although a single donkey will live quite happily with goats. A herd will choose the strongest donkey to be their leader, even if domesticated. In the wild the lead donkey would stay to ward off an attack by a wolf or other predators in order to allow the rest of the herd to escape to safety. Donkeys in a herd will groom each other in the same way as monkeys and chimps do.

Training a donkey relies upon showing him or her, by words and action, that they can trust you to protect them from harm. They learn what it is we want them to do if we take time to show them.



DONKEY POPULATION DISTRIBUTION IN INDIA (STATE -WISE RANKING BASED ON POPULATION)

AS PER LIVESTOCK CENSUS-2012

RANKING AS PER POPULATION STATE / UNION TERRITORY DONKEYS Total Donkeys
    Male Female  
    Under 3 years 3 years and above Total Under 3 years 3 years and above Total  
1 RAJASTHAN 15,187 29,537 44,724 11331 25413 36744 81468
2 UTTAR PRADESH 11,104 23,332 34,436 7589 14618 22207 56643
3 GUJARAT  5,477 17,245 22,722 4780 11332 16112 38834
4 MAHARASHTRA 4,847 11,650 16,497 3680 8958 12638 29135
5 BIHAR 6,217 7,361 13,578 3481 4318 7799 21377
6 JAMMU & KASHMIR 2,145 7,650 9,795 1935 5515 7450 17245
7 KARNATAKA 3,028 5,587 8,615 2585 5112 7697 16312
8 MADHYA PRADESH 2,682 5,960 8,642 2185 4089 6274 14916
9 ANDHRA PRADESH 2,392 4,796 7,188 2157 4081 6238 13426
10 TAMILNADU 4,037 2,613 6,650 1240 1293 2533 9183
11 HIMACHAL PRADESH 797 3,547 4,344 585 2420 3005 7349
12 PUNJAB 1,273 761 2,034 299 576 875 2909
13 HARYANA 580 1,194 1,774 278 851 1129 2903
14 UTTARAKHAND 428 633 1,061 96 352 448 1509
15 DELHI NCR 147 814 961 69 57 126 1087
16 ASSAM 481 376 857 124 68 192 1049
17 CHHATISGARH 219 100 319 197 164 361 680
18 WEST BENGAL 268 175 443 70 96 166 609
19 ORISSA 153 130 283 116 124 240 523
20 MEGHALAYA 250 268 518 4 0 4 522
21 KERALA 226 63 289 96 119 215 504
22 JHARKHAND 192 100 292 65 24 89 381
23 MANIPUR 75 51 126 0 0 0 126
24 NAGALAND 15 5 20 7 12 19 39
25 ARUNACHAL PRADESH 20 16 36 2 1 3 39
26 PONDICHERRY 1 2 3 3 9 12 15
27 MIZORAM 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
28 ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS 1 1 2 1 1 2 4
29 CHANDIGARH 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
30 SIKKIM 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
31 TRIPURA 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  TOTAL 62,242 123,967 186,209 42975 89603 132578 318787


MULE POPULATION DISTRIBUTION IN INDIA (STATE -WISE RANKING BASED ON POPULATION)

AS PER LIVESTOCK CENSUS-2012

RANKING AS PER POPULATION STATE / UNION TERRITORY MULES
     
    UNDER 3 YEARS 3 YEARS AND ABOVE TOTAL
1 UTTAR PRADESH 11,451 31,209 42,660
2 JAMMU & KASHMIR 6,665 29,843 36,508
3 UTTARAKHAND 2,118 24,779 26,897
4 BIHAR 11,223 13,841 25,064
5 HIMACHAL PRADESH 2,601 20,714 23,315
6 HARYANA 1,878 7,131 9,009
7 MADHYA PRADESH 2,846 4,143 6,989
8 ORISSA 2,266 3,367 5,633
9 PUNJAB 1,446 3,718 5,164
10 JHARKHAND 1,157 2,733 3,890
11 RAJASTHAN 1,053 2,322 3,375
12 MAHARASHTRA 915 1,090 2,005
13 CHHATISGARH 447 1,170 1,617
14 NAGALAND 493 624 1,117
15 KARNATAKA 193 569 762
16 ANDHRA PRADESH 287 456 743
17 MANIPUR 287 79 366
18 ARUNACHAL PRADESH 270 64 334
19 KERALA 35 198 233
20 MEGHALAYA 126 52 178
21 GUJARAT  67 92 159
22 DELHI NCR 38 98 136
23 WEST BENGAL 30 83 113
24 ASSAM 50 42 92
25 MIZORAM 6 0 6
26 CHANDIGARH 0 6 6
27 SIKKIM 0 4 4
28 TAMILNADU 0 2 2
29 TRIPURA 0 1 1
  TOTAL 47,948 148,430 196,378